Expert Essay Writers | reply

Social Science homework help

Order Completion Rating

Available Experts

Similar homework solved

This assignment was Solved for the first time on May 5, 2022 and is Rated 10/10 by 13 students. Request expert help for this or any other assignment here.


Each reply must be between 200–400 words and contain at least 1 scholarly source cited in Bluebook format

The Chthonic is one of the first legal traditions in society. It is very broad and general, considerably it is at the most basic level. H. Patrick Glenn discusses the chthonic legal tradition in chapter three of his book Legal Traditions of the World. Glenn states that “The chthonic way is thus an informal one, which literally seeks to blend into the surrounding landscape.”[1] It comes from the tribes and indigenous peoples.
      There are two models of chthonic legal traditions. Model one is “Africa and Asia.” This model considers the tribes and Islamic influence. This model has no “uniform pattern.”[2] “In central Asia, there is a revival of community-clan institutions (old forms of courts, steppe law, oral tradition) at the expense of the state. In Africa, even at the height of colonial power, there was no effort to eliminate chthonic legal traditions.”[3]
      Model two is the “Americas and Australia.” This model considers the settlement of the Europeans. “Here the variations have much to do with the European legal traditions which European settlers carried with them, on their ‘discovery’ of these lands. The common law was the least explicit about indigenous peoples, and even where English common law was received by the effect of statute, common law judges were still called upon to decide the extent of its displacement, if any, of chthonic law for indigenous people.”[4]
     “There are no pure chthonic traditions in the world today.” One comparable idea within western law and chthonic legal tradition is the reservation of land. Current day law protects the reservation of land in 18 U.S. Code § 1151. Chthonic tradition and that statute protect the rights of native people and their rights to keep their land. But western law and chthonic legal tradition also have disagreeing factors. For example, criminal law. “There is to all intents and purposes no law of theft or burglary; no law of drugs; no organized crime; no money laundering; no  white-collar crime; no fraud.”[5] Chthonic legal tradition did not confront this issue. Living in the current day time, we need strict/ dominant laws to penalize those individual people (not the community) who commit harmful and dishonest acts.
     Lastly, I do not think Christian tradition and chthonic tradition are similar. Christian tradition and chthonic tradition are both older traditions, but the two ideas stray apart from each other. The chthonic legal tradition was never formally documented, but Christian tradition was (for example the Bible.) Because of this, the Chthonic legal tradition is not used anymore. Christian tradition is still used. Chthonic legal tradition is so broad that no prominent principles were made, unlike Christian traditions. For example, Christian traditions have the 10 Commandments in Exodus 20 (NIV).  

At times during the first three chapters the author, Glenn, can be enigmatic in his way of describing complex topics; luckily, this is not the case when he divides Chthonic identity. In his words, Glenn says this:
Two basic models are evident. On the one hand there is the state constructed by western powers in colonized territories, which persists following withdrawal of western authority. On the other hand there is the state constructed by western powers in the process of permanent settlement in colonized territories, which persists as an ongoing instrument of western authority.
H. Patrick Glenn, Legal Traditions of the World 85 (5th ed. 2014).
Since there are no purely Chthonic traditions in today’s world, Glenn is saying that it is inevitable western tradition will interact with Chthonic tradition. Id. at 83. The two main models essentially come from if westerners permanently settled the area such as the case with the Americas and Australasia or if that had an interest and influence in the area for a limited time but did not widely settle, such as with Africa and Asia.
Currently, it is easy to see the mixing of western and Chthonic legal information (or tradition, as the terms are used almost interchangeable throughout) in respect to crime and imprisonment. Id. at 90. With Chthonic tradition being described as largely “informal”, dispute resolution and punishment are too. Id. at 82. This stands in contrast to western views of individual guilt and imprisonment as punishment for trespasses against society. Norval Morris & David J. Rothman, The Oxford Story of the Prison: The Practice of Punishment in Western Society vii (1998). Early Europeans had to adapt or at least account for the differences in thoughts of crime and this is again important to keep in mind today as all Chthonic peoples reside within a state. Expanding on the idea that all Chthonic peoples reside within a state, it is notable that they are also granted rights that non-Chthonic citizens of the state would have. Individual rights are not always built into Chthonic tradition so this exchange of legal tradition could be seen as beneficial to Chthonic peoples in state. 
When considering our Christian tradition of oral history and the Chthonic tradition, the question that comes to mind – how many Christians read their Bibles every day? In looking into this question, LifeWay Research found a mere thirty-two percent of churchgoing protestants read their Bibles daily. Lifeway Research, (last visited May 11, 2022). Looking at related surveys, this seems to be a reliable number. If western tradition is mainly held in reading in writing, why would churchgoers not be in their Bibles every day? It might be difficult to quantify but I believe it is because a lot of our interactions regarding our faith are oral. The abovementioned thirty-two percent are believers who attend church regularly, meaning they are likely hearing at least one sermon per week. Further, how many believers listen to worship music during their commutes or stream Christian podcasts while doing chores? I would venture to say this number is much higher than the thirty-two percent who are in the Word every day. I’m not claiming it is an alternative to reading the Bible, but I am saying we, as Christians, might be more of an oral tradition than we think ourselves to be.


Order from us and score an A in this assignment. Click here to Order.

Hire a professional essay writer to create a solution from scratch

Order Now, and get an original solution to this assignment with zero plagiarism. Use GATEWAY10 to get a 10% discount on all orders.

Why students choose our experts for homework help, assignments, and coursework

Here are some Benefits of ordering a solution to this homework from us:


Full and Instant Money back guarantee

Free proof-reading and editing

Timely delivery

Cheapest homework help writing service


Best custom writing service in US, UK, Australia, and China

100% Reliability and Trust. Satisfaction and Value for money guaranteed.

Solutions with Zero-Plagiarism

Our professional writers will create an original solution for your homework written from scratch. A plagiarism report of your homework is also available.

Free Unlimited Revisions

Our experts will revise your paper until you are satisfied with the final delivery.

24|7 Priority Support

You can communicate with us at any given moment.

Professional Writers and Research Experts

Our team consists of determined, disciplined and ambitious experts with competitive degrees from top Universities from across the world.

Thorough research to complete your assignment

A good research into your paper improves its credibility, gives it higher ranking, and makes your argument solid. That is why our team consists of research experts to guide and work with the writers in preparing your papers.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is this service Legit?

This is an extension of Gateway Assignment essay writing services. Gateway is a group of writers brought together by the desire to help students achieve more in essay writing. Our Writers are experts in tutoring, research, and writing activities. We have worked with over 5,000 students pursuing college, undergraduate, Masters, and Ph.D. degrees. Our Services are Trusted and Verified.

Will My Paper have plagiarism?

No. Absolutely Not. All our Papers are Original and are written by our experts from scratch. To be sure, you can request a plagiarism report when placing an order.

How Fast can you deliver my paper?

Any duration you select when choosing a deadline for the paper. The number of hours could be 3 hours to 24 hours to 2 days, a month, or any other duration.

For short assignments ranging between 1 page and 3 pages(100 – 1000 words), we can have them delivered in 1 hour.

Can I get a professional writer to write my essay?

Absolutely Yes. If you are looking for the most reliable and executive essay writing service, you are in the right place.

Our Service is a program dedicated to improving student’s achievement in essay writing assignments. In our company, professional tutors and expert writers work together to create original solutions to help students complete their assignments.

Our essay writing service is the most reliable writing help online. Our writers are former students and researchers in leading institutions across the world.

Our founder, Frank, is a legend writer and educator who has contributed significantly to improving the performance of thousands of students.

The goal of Gateway Assignment is to lead in changing the learning process by allowing students to access unlimited resources in writing their essays.

How Much will it Cost?

Our Rates start at $10 per page (275 words). Plus:

  • Free First Page
  • Free Reference Page
  • Free Unlimited Revisions

Can I get a Discount for my first paper?

Ofcos. Use the discount code “GATEWAY20” at checkout to get a 20% discount off on all essays you order.

Do I get a refund if I am not satisfied with the paper?

Yes. Anytime you establish that Our Services did not help you meet your desired outcome, you are entitled to a Full Refund. Read our refund policy to learn more.

'One More Question'?

Chat with a live agent on the floating chat. Frank is online now.

Questions Recently Solved by Our Experts

Expert Essay Writers | sports culture sociology

Get your original solution. SOLVED   Annotated Bibliography: Sport Culture-Sociology
 construct an annotated bibliography based upon your sport of choice. This Annotated Bibliography will be sport specific and contain books, articles, websites, etc that are relevant to your sport’s 
culture and sociology.
 Summary of search process: Key words, Key phrases, Search engines within our Library, etc. Explain why you chose your sport, and what you learned about your sport’s Culture-Sociology from this assignment.
 New page, Title Heading ” Annotated Bibliography ” in APA level one heading. Begin your Annotated Bibliography on this page. follow the Formatting instructions below.
under the annotated bibliography In 2 or more sentences, explain the source’s relevance and importance to your issue.


read more

Expert Essay Writers | Gender Ideas (bodies/performance)

Get your original solution. SOLVED Dedicate at least one page to each assigned chapter (Chapter 3 and 4) at least one page for your reaction/reflections.
Must have an introduction, body, and conclusion

You may address the following:

How have the assigned readings challenged your assumptions? Why? How?
Can you relate to the information presented? Explain 
Provide an example of a place in the world where individuals share similar experiences or challenges. Describe commonalities and differences between groups.

read more

Get a Plagiarism-free paper Today

Order an essay, term paper, research paper, or any other assignment and get an expert to work on it. Use GATEWAY20 to get a 20% discount on all papers.

Alternatively, Check Out the FIVE STEPS in writing an essay