2. Format: Your paper is to be written as a scientific review paper. A review paper is one in which current understanding of a subject is summarized, research being conducted at present is discussed, and the questions that future research should address are presented. Include the following sections (including these headings) in your paper: Introduction A brief overview and description of the subject of the paper, and how it is significant to those studying microbiology. Current Understanding What is currently known about the subject by scientists? This section should contain a description of the current scientific knowledge about the subject. Research What research has recently been conducted or is currently being conducted in order to gain greater understanding of the subject? Describe at least one area of recent and/or current research. What are scientists hoping to learn about the subject through their research? Summary and Outlook for the Future The section should summarize the paper and draw a conclusion about the subject. The section should also list questions about the subject that need to be addressed with further research, and the outlook for the future of the subject. Literature Cited/Bibliography See below. Use the CSE guidelines for the “literature cited” section of your paper. Use a separate paper for your literature cited list. 3. References/Sources: At least five (5) sources of information must be used, cited within the body of the paper AND listed in your bibliography/literature cited. You may use your Tortora et al. text as a reference, but as an additional source. The sources must be current, that is, published within the last ten (10) years. You are to find and use references for the current understanding of, and research being conducted on, your topic. Your references should give you credible, scientific information. Sources may include books and journals or other periodicals, including online journals and periodicals, as long as they are sources of scientific information that you can trust for credibility. Generally, this means that they have been reviewed by scientists, such as occurs with peer-review for a journal or text. (Note: Wikipedia is not peerreviewed. However, often Wikipedia pages have references that ARE peer-reviewed that you could find, read, and use as sources of credible information.) For tips on determining the credibility of online resources, see the SCC Library “Online Research” page (http://www.scc.losrios.edu/library/research/). 4. Citation: As a scientific paper, the citation should be that used in scientific publications. Different journals require different citation styles (as you’ll see when you scan the references at the ends of journal articles), but I’d like you to use the CSE style (Council of Science Editors). Please use the “name-year” system of CSE style citation.
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