As the forces of urbanization and globalization grow stronger, there is a prevailing trend to supply more and more water resources towards industrial areas and expanding cities. There has been an increase in water privatization and the development of water management policies that aim to extract economic returns through enforcing water levees from those who depend on the resource, including from rural communities. For example, the current water resource management system in Thailand is centralized. This means that the people have not been able to fully participate in the decision making processes with regards to water resource management. At present, such centralized control and management has inevitably transformed and disrupted the traditional practices. This can be seen clearly in the case where a traditional community-based irrigation system, locally known as Muang Fai, has been discouraged and modern irrigation systems actively promoted. As a result of the existing water management system and policies in Thailand, there is an imbalance between water resource supply and the growing demand from agriculture and industry, not to mention problems of water pollution and chemical contamination discharged from the industries. Write an essay on how government can/should improve; 1. Implementation of water management systems 2. Support of community organizations and people’s movements in conservation 3. Rehabilitation and protection of natural resources Your response should be a minimum of 750 words, but not exceeding 1250 words. Cite resources you applied in your response in MLA format. Reference page and headings are not included in the word count. PLEASE READ INSTRUCTION CAREFULLY!
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